3 years ago

Comparison of O2 and H2O as oxygen source for homoepitaxial growth of β-Ga2O3 layers by halide vapor phase epitaxy

Yoshinao Kumagai, Bo Monemar, Hisashi Murakami, Shigenobu Yamakoshi, Rie Togashi, Keita Konishi, Akito Kuramata, Masataka Higashiwaki, Ken Goto
Homoepitaxial growth of β-Ga2O3 layers by halide vapor phase epitaxy (HVPE) using O2 or H2O as an oxygen source was investigated by thermodynamic analysis, and compared with measured properties after growth. The thermodynamic analysis revealed that Ga2O3 growth is expected even at 1000 °C using both oxygen sources due to positive driving forces for Ga2O3 deposition. The experimental results for homoepitaxial growth on (0 0 1) β-Ga2O3 substrates showed that the surfaces of the layers grown with H2O were smoother than those grown with O2, although the growth rate with H2O was approximately half that with O2. However, in the homoepitaxial layer grown using H2O, incorporation of Si impurities with a concentration almost equal to the effective donor concentration (2 × 1016 cm−3) was confirmed, which was caused by decomposition of the quartz glass reactor due to the presence of hydrogen in the system.
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