3 years ago

A novel fusion framework of visible light and infrared images based on singular value decomposition and adaptive DUAL-PCNN in NSST domain

Guoning Li, Longxu Jin, Boyang Cheng
Visible light and infrared images fusion has been a significant subject in imaging science. As a new contribution to this field, a novel fusion framework of visible light and infrared images based on adaptive dual-channel unit-linking pulse coupled neural networks with singular value decomposition (ADS-PCNN) in non-subsampled shearlet transform (NSST) domain is present in this paper. First, the source images are decomposed into multi-direction and multi-scale sub-images by NSST. Furthermore, an improved novel sum modified-Laplacian (INSML) of low-pass sub-image and an improved average gradient (IAVG) of high-pass sub-images are input to stimulate the ADS-PCNN, respectively. To address the large spectral difference between infrared and visible light and the occurrence of black artifacts in fused images, a local structure information operator (LSI), which comes from local area singular value decomposition in each source image, is regarded as the adaptive linking strength that enhances fusion accuracy. Compared with PCNN models in other studies, the proposed method simplifies certain peripheral parameters, and the time matrix is utilized to decide the iteration number adaptively. A series of images from diverse scenes are used for fusion experiments and the fusion results are evaluated subjectively and objectively. The results of the subjective and objective evaluation show that our algorithm exhibits superior fusion performance and is more effective than the existing typical fusion techniques.
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