3 years ago

One-Lung Flooding Enables Ultrasound-Guided Transthoracic Needle Biopsy of Pulmonary Nodules with High Sensitivity

Frank Pölzing, Iver Petersen, Frank Wolfram, Thomas Günter Lesser
Ultrasound-guided transthoracic needle biopsy (USgTTNB) can only be used for peripheral tumours that contact the pleura. Sonographic accessibility of the entire lung can be achieved using one-lung flooding. In this study, feasibility, sensitivity and complication rate of USgTTNB of lung nodules after one-lung flooding in an ex vivo and in vivo lung tumour model were assessed. USgTTNB was performed ex vivo after one-lung flooding in 10 resected human lung lobes containing carcinoma or metastasis. USgTTNB after one-lung flooding and simulation of a lung nodule was conducted in vivo in 5 animals. Transthoracic sonography and chest X-ray were obtained 30 min after reventilation. The lungs were examined macroscopically and histopathologically. The pathologic diagnosis was confirmed in 85.7% and 100% of tumours after first and second puncture attempts, respectively. The successful puncture rate in vivo was 90%. Neither pneumothorax nor bleeding was observed. One-lung flooding enables USgTTNB of lung nodules with a high sensitivity and minimal risk of complications in a pre-clinical model.
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