3 years ago

SO(3) “Nuclear Physics” with ultracold Gases

P. Stebler, E. Rico, M. Dalmonte, U.-J. Wiese, P. Zoller, M. Bögli, D. Banerjee
An ab initio calculation of nuclear physics from Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), the fundamental S U ( 3 ) gauge theory of the strong interaction, remains an outstanding challenge. Here, we discuss the emergence of key elements of nuclear physics using an S O ( 3 ) lattice gauge theory as a toy model for QCD. We show that this model is accessible to state-of-the-art quantum simulation experiments with ultracold atoms in an optical lattice. First, we demonstrate that our model shares characteristic many-body features with QCD, such as the spontaneous breakdown of chiral symmetry, its restoration at finite baryon density, as well as the existence of few-body bound states. Then we show that in the one-dimensional case, the dynamics in the gauge invariant sector can be encoded as a spin S = 3 2 Heisenberg model, i.e., as quantum magnetism, which has a natural realization with bosonic mixtures in optical lattices, and thus sheds light on the connection between non-Abelian gauge theories and quantum magnetism.
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