3 years ago

Rapid thermal responsive conductive hybrid cryogels with shape memory properties, photothermal properties and pressure dependent conductivity

Rapid thermal responsive conductive hybrid cryogels with shape memory properties, photothermal properties and pressure dependent conductivity
Peter X. Ma, Baolin Guo, Zexing Deng, Yi Guo
Stimuli responsive cryogels with multi-functionality have potential application for electrical devices, actuators, sensors and biomedical devices. However, conventional thermal sensitive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) cryogels show slow temperature response speed and lack of multi-functionality, which greatly limit their practical application. Herein we present conductive fast (2 min for both deswelling and reswelling behavior) thermally responsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) cryogels with rapid shape memory properties (3 s for shape recovery), near-infrared (NIR) light sensitivity and pressure dependent conductivity, and further demonstrated their applications as temperature sensitive on-off switch, NIR light sensitive on-off switch, water triggered shape memory on-off switch and pressure dependent device. These cryogels were first prepared in dimethyl sulfoxide below its melting temperature in ice bath and subsequently put into aniline or pyrrole solution to in situ deposition of conducting polyaniline or polypyrrole nanoparticles. The continuous macroporous sponge-like structure provides cryogels with rapid responsivity both in deswelling, reswelling kinetics and good elasticity. After incorporating electrically conductive polyaniline or polypyrrole nanoaggregates, the hybrid cryogels exhibit desirable conductivity, photothermal property, pressure dependent conductivity and good cytocompatibility. These multifunctional hybrid cryogels make them great potential as stimuli responsive electrical device, tissue engineering scaffolds, drug delivery vehicle and electronic skin.
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