3 years ago

Suppression of electron spin decoherence in Rabi oscillations induced by an inhomogeneous microwave field

Suppression of electron spin decoherence in Rabi oscillations induced by an inhomogeneous microwave field
A.P. Saiko, S.A. Markevich, R. Fedaruk
The decay of Rabi oscillations provides direct information about coherence of electron spins. When observed in EPR experiments, it is often shortened by spatial inhomogeneity of the microwave field amplitude in a bulk sample. In order to suppress this undesired loss of coherence, we propose an additional dressing of spin states by a weak longitudinal continuous radiofrequency field. The Gaussian, cosine and linear distributions of the microwave amplitude is analyzed. Our calculations of the Rabi oscillations between the doubly dressed spin states show that for all these distributions the maximum suppression of the inhomogeneity-induced decoherence is achieved at the so-called Rabi resonance when the radio-field frequency is in resonance with the Rabi frequency of spins in the microwave field. The manifestations of such suppression in the published EPR experiments with the bichromatic driving are discussed. The realization of the Rabi resonance using the radiofrequency field could open new possibilities for separating the contributions of relaxation mechanisms from those due to the inhomogeneous driving in spin decoherence.
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