3 years ago

A Stable Neutral Compound with an Aluminum–Aluminum Double Bond

A Stable Neutral Compound with an Aluminum–Aluminum Double Bond
Shigeyoshi Inoue, Prasenjit Bag, Philipp J. Altmann, Amelie Porzelt
Homodinuclear multiple-bonded neutral Al compounds, aluminum analogues of alkenes, have been a notoriously difficult synthetic target over the past several decades. Herein, we report the isolation of a stable neutral compound featuring an Al═Al double bond stabilized by N-heterocyclic carbenes. X-ray crystallographic and spectroscopic analyses demonstrate that the dialuminum entity possesses trans-planar geometry and an Al–Al bond length of 2.3943(16) Å, which is the shortest distance reported for a molecular dialuminum species. This new species reacts with ethylene and phenyl acetylene to give the [2+2] cycloaddition products. The structure and bonding were also investigated by detailed density functional theory calculations. These results clearly demonstrate the presence of an Al═Al double bond in this molecule.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b08890

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b08890

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