5 years ago

Discovery of Pb-Free Perovskite Solar Cells via High-Throughput Simulation on the K Computer

Discovery of Pb-Free Perovskite Solar Cells via High-Throughput Simulation on the K Computer
Takahito Nakajima, Keisuke Sawada
We performed a systematic high-throughput simulation with density functional theory for 11 025 compositions of hybrid organic–inorganic halide compounds in ABX3 and A2BB′X6 forms, where A is an organic or inorganic component, B/B′ is a metal atom, and X is a halogen atom. The computational results were compiled as a materials database. We performed massive computational simulation by using the K computer, which is a massively parallel many-core supercomputer in Japan. By applying the screening procedure to all the compounds in the materials database, we discovered novel candidates for environmentally friendly lead-free perovskite solar cells and propose 51 low-toxic halide single and double perovskites, most of which are newly proposed in this study. The proposed low-toxic halide double perovskites are classified under six families: group-14–group-14, group-13–group-15, group-11–group-11, group-9–group-13, group-11–group-13, and group-11–group-15 double perovskites.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b02203

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b02203

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