3 years ago

Novel Au Catalysis Strategy for the Synthesis of Au@Pt Core–Shell Nanoelectrocatalyst with Self-Controlled Quasi-Monolayer Pt Skin

Novel Au Catalysis Strategy for the Synthesis of Au@Pt Core–Shell Nanoelectrocatalyst with Self-Controlled Quasi-Monolayer Pt Skin
Chunmei Zhang, Kai Li, Xiaokun Li, Cheng Du, Bin Xue, Youlin Zhang, Wei Chen, Zhijian Wu
Design of catalytically active Pt-based catalysts with minimizing the usage of Pt is a major issue in fuel cells. Herein, for the first time, we have developed a Au catalytic reduction strategy to synthesize a Au@Pt core–shell electrocatalyst with a quasi-monolayer Pt skin spontaneously formed from the gold surface catalysis. In the presence of presynthesized gold nanocrystals (used as the catalyst and Au seeds) and 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid buffer (used as reductant), under the Au surface catalysis, platinum ions can be reduced and deposited on the gold nanocrystals to form a Pt skin surface with a quasi-monatomic thickness. In the present strategy, Pt ions can be reduced only under the catalysis of gold surface and thus when the surface of Au NPs is covered by a monatomic Pt layer, the reduction reaction of Pt ions will be spontaneously turned off. Therefore, the significant advantage of this synthesis strategy is that the formation of quasi-monolayer Pt skin surface can be self-controlled and is completely free of controlling the dosage of platinum ions and the size distribution of Au cores. The synthesized Au@Pt core@shell structure exhibited enhanced electrocatalytic activities for oxygen reduction reaction and methanol oxidation reaction, which are 6.87 and 10.17 times greater than those of Pt/C catalyst, respectively. The present study provides a new strategy for obtaining high-performance bimetallic/multimetallic electrocatalysts with high utilization of precious metals.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b08210

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b08210

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