3 years ago

Aggregated Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Absorb and Deform Dopamine-Related Proteins Based on Molecular Dynamics Simulations

Aggregated Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Absorb and Deform Dopamine-Related Proteins Based on Molecular Dynamics Simulations
Keith Gilmore, Youyong Li, Tingjun Hou, Huiyong Sun, Suidong Wang, Yi Yu
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have attracted considerable attention owing to their applications in various fields such as biotechnology and biomedicine. Recently, aggregated SWCNTs have shown more significant effects on the treatment of methamphetamine addiction (Nat. Nanotech. 2016, 11, 613). However, the mechanisms underlying these actions are unclear. By using all-atom molecular dynamics simulations, we investigate the effects of single and aggregated SWCNTs (single-(10,10)CNT, aggregated-7-(10,10)CNTs, and single-(35,35)CNT with the same diameter as that of the aggregated one) on the activity of dopamine-related proteins [tyrosine hydroxylase (TyrOH) and dopamine transporter (DAT), which are related to the synthesis and transport of dopamine, respectively]. We find that both TyrOH and DAT can adsorb onto these SWCNTs. For TyrOH, the aggregated-7-(10,10)CNTs mainly affect the conformation of the active site of the protein, and hence, they are more effective in inhibiting the expression of TyrOH. For DAT, our results suggest that the aggregated-7-(10,10)CNTs allow DAT to maintain an outward-facing conformation and hence are favorable to the reuptake of dopamine. The binding of a dopamine reuptake inhibitor, [3H]-WIN35,428, to DAT is significantly disrupted by aggregated-7-(10,10)CNTs and hence improve the ability to transport dopamine. Our results provide the dynamic interactions of proteins with single/aggregated SWCNTs, which illustrate the mechanism of aggregated SWCNTs for the treatment of drug addiction.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b05478

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b05478

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