3 years ago

Hypersensitive dual-function luminescence switching of a silver-chalcogenolate cluster-based metal–organic framework

Hypersensitive dual-function luminescence switching of a silver-chalcogenolate cluster-based metal–organic framework
Thomas C. W. Mak, Xiao-Hui Wu, Yong-Sheng Wei, Ren-Wu Huang, Xi-Yan Dong, Chen-Xia Du, Shuang-Quan Zang
Silver(i) chalcogenide/chalcogenolate clusters are promising photofunctional materials for sensing, optoelectronics and solar energy harvesting applications. However, their instability and poor room-temperature luminescent quantum yields have hampered more extensive study. Here, we graft such clusters to adaptable bridging ligands, enabling their interconnection and the formation of rigid metal–organic frameworks. By controlling the spatial separation and orientation of the clusters, they then exhibit enhanced stability (over one year) and quantum yield (12.1%). Ultrafast dual-function fluorescence switching (<1 s) is also achieved, with turn-off triggered by O2 and multicoloured turn-on by volatile organic compounds. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction of the inclusion materials, obtained by single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformation, enables precise determination of the position of the small molecules within the framework, elucidating the switching mechanism. The work enriches the cluster-based metal–organic framework portfolio, bridges the gap between silver chalcogenide/chalcogenolate clusters and metal–organic frameworks, and provides a foundation for further development of functional silver-cluster-based materials.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nchem.2718

DOI: 10.1038/nchem.2718

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