5 years ago

Plant Cytokinesis: Terminology for Structures and Processes

Plant Cytokinesis: Terminology for Structures and Processes
Lacey Samuels, Anne-Catherine Schmit, Yoshinobu Mineyuki, Marie-Theres Hauser, Carolyn Rasmussen, Marcel Janson, Jozef Šamaj, Sabine Müller, Takashi Murata, František Baluška, Andrei Smertenko, Marisa S. Otegui, Farhah Assaad, Daniel Van Damme, Georgia Drakakaki, Viktor Žárský, L. Andrew Staehelin, Emmanuel Panteris, Ian Moore, Geoffrey Wasteneys, Henrik Buschmann, Magdalena Bezanilla

Plant cytokinesis is orchestrated by a specialized structure, the phragmoplast. The phragmoplast first occurred in representatives of Charophyte algae and then became the main division apparatus in land plants. Major cellular activities, including cytoskeletal dynamics, vesicle trafficking, membrane assembly, and cell wall biosynthesis, cooperate in the phragmoplast under the guidance of a complex signaling network. Furthermore, the phragmoplast combines plant-specific features with the conserved cytokinetic processes of animals, fungi, and protists. As such, the phragmoplast represents a useful system for understanding both plant cell dynamics and the evolution of cytokinesis. We recognize that future research and knowledge transfer into other fields would benefit from standardized terminology. Here, we propose such a lexicon of terminology for specific structures and processes associated with plant cytokinesis.

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