3 years ago

Quantitative multiphoton microscopy of murine urinary bladder morphology during in situ uniaxial loading

Quantitative multiphoton microscopy of murine urinary bladder morphology during in situ uniaxial loading
Urodynamic tests are the gold standard for the diagnosis of bladder dysfunction, and the mechanical compliance of the bladder is an important parameter in these tests. The bladder wall has a layered structure, differentially affected by pathology, so knowledge of the contribution and role of these layers and their constituents to overall bladder compliance will enhance interpretation of these clinical tests. In this study we document the functional morphology of the detrusor and lamina propria of the murine bladder wall using a custom in-situ tensile loading system under multiphoton microscopy (MPM) observation in unloaded state and under incremental uniaxial stretch. Features in the stress-stretch curves of bladder samples were then directly related to corresponding MPM images. Collagen organisation across wall depth was quantified using image analysis techniques. The hypothesis that the lamina propria deformed at low strain by unfolding of the rugae and rearranging collagen fibrils was confirmed. A novel ‘pocket’ feature in the detrusor was observed along with extensive rearrangement of fibrils in two families at different depths, providing higher stiffness at high stretches in the detrusor. The very different deformations of detrusor and lamina propria were accommodated by the highly coiled structure of collagen in the lamina propria. Imaging and mechanical studies presented here allow gross mechanical response to be attributed to specific components of the bladder wall and further, may be used to investigate the impact of microstructural changes due to pathology or aging, and how they impair tissue functionality. Statement of significance This article reports the first in-situ multiphoton microscopy observations of microstructural deformation under uniaxial tensile loading of ex vivo bladder. We describe collagen rearrangement through the tissue thickness and relate this directly to the stress-stretch behaviour. We confirm for the first time the unfolding of rugae and realignment of fibrils in the lamina propria during extension and the rapid stiffening as two fibril families in the detrusor are engaged. This technique provides new insight into microstructure function and will enhance understanding of the impact of changes due to pathology or aging.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1742706117306013

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