3 years ago

Identification of a novel fungus, <i>Trichoderma asperellum</i> GDFS1009, and comprehensive evaluation of its biocontrol efficacy

Qiong Wu, Chuanjin Yu, Yaqian Li, Ruiyan Sun, Jia Yu, Jie Chen, Kai Dou, Jianhong Ren, Mi Ni

by Qiong Wu, Ruiyan Sun, Mi Ni, Jia Yu, Yaqian Li, Chuanjin Yu, Kai Dou, Jianhong Ren, Jie Chen

Due to its efficient broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, Trichoderma has been established as an internationally recognized biocontrol fungus. In this study, we found and identified a novel strain of Trichoderma asperellum, named GDFS1009. The mycelium of T. asperellum GDFS1009 exhibits a high growth rate, high sporulation capacity, and strong inhibitory effects against pathogens that cause cucumber fusarium wilt and corn stalk rot. T. asperellum GDFS1009 secretes chitinase, glucanase, and protease, which can degrade the cell walls of fungi and contribute to mycoparasitism. The secreted xylanases are good candidates for inducing plant resistance and enhancing plant immunity against pathogens. RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) showed that T. asperellum GDFS1009 produces primary metabolites that are precursors of antimicrobial compounds; it also produces a variety of antimicrobial secondary metabolites, including polyketides and alkanes. In addition, this study speculated the presence of six antimicrobial peptides via ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS). Future studies should focus on these antimicrobial metabolites for facilitating widespread application in the field of agricultural bio-control.

Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179957

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