Tumor location as a novel high risk parameter for stage II colorectal cancers
by Biyuan Wang, Jiao Yang, Shuting Li, Meng Lv, Zheling Chen, Enxiao Li, Min Yi, Jin YangCurrent studies do not accurately evaluate the influence of tumor location on survival of colorectal cancer patients. This study aimed to explore whether tumor location could be identified as another high-risk factor in stage II colorectal cancer by using data identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. All colorectal cancer patients between 2004 and 2008 were grouped into three according to tumor location. Of 33,789 patients diagnosed with stage II colorectal cancer, 46.8% were right colon cancer, 37.5% were left colon cancer and 15.7% were rectal cancer. The 5-year cancer specific survivals were examined. Right colon cancer was associated with the female sex, older age (> 50), and having over 12 lymph nodes resected. Conversely, rectal cancer was associated with the male sex, patients younger than 50 years of age and insufficient lymph node resection. The characteristics of left colon cancer were between them and associated with Asian or Pacific Islander populations, T4 stage, and Grade II patients. The prognostic differences between three groups were significant and retained after stratification by T stage, histological grade, number of regional nodes dissected, age at diagnose, race and sex. Furthermore, the significant difference of location was retained as an independent high-risk parameter. Thus, stage II colorectal cancers of different locations have different clinic-pathological features and cancer-specific survivals, and tumor location should be recognized as another high-risk parameter in stage II colorectal cancer.
Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article
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