3 years ago

In Situ Fluorogenic and Chromogenic Reactions for the Sensitive Dual-Readout Assay of Tyrosinase Activity

In Situ Fluorogenic and Chromogenic Reactions for the Sensitive Dual-Readout Assay of Tyrosinase Activity
Xiurong Yang, Xingfu Bao, Shasha Lu, Shuang Wang, Jiahui Zhao, Jian Sun
As a well-known copper-containing oxidase, tyrosinase has been anticipated to serve as the biomarker of skin diseases. We describe here an exquisite label-free fluorescent and colorimetric dual-readout assay of its activity, inspired by the specific oxidation ability of monophenolamine substrates to catecholamines and a unique fluorogenic reaction between resorcinol and catecholamines. By employing commercially available tyramine as the model substrate (dopamine as the product), it is found that the tyrosinase-incubated tyramine solution exhibits obvious pale yellow with intense blue fluorescence in the presence of resorcinol and O2, where the absorbance and fluorescence intensity are directly related to the concentration of added tyrosinase (i.e., the amount of conversion of tyramine to dopamine). The overall process of sensing tyrosinase activity takes less than 100 min at ambient temperature and pressure conditions with exceedingly simple operation procedure, explicit response mechanism, and formation of fluorophore with high quantum yield from scratch. Furthermore, such a convenient, rapid, cost-effective, and highly sensitive dual-readout assay exhibits promising prospect for the tyrosinase activity in extensive bioassays and clinic research as well as in screening potential tyrosinase inhibitors.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b02739

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b02739

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.