5 years ago

Determination of Residual Concentration of Ionic Liquids with Different Anions and Alkyl-Chain Lengths in Water and Soil Samples

Determination of Residual Concentration of Ionic Liquids with Different Anions and Alkyl-Chain Lengths in Water and Soil Samples
Tongtong Zhou, Jinhua Wang, Zhongkun Du, Cheng Zhang, Jun Wang, Lusheng Zhu, Jun Zhang
Considering the wide synthesis and application of ionic liquids (ILs), the toxicity of ILs has recently gained growing attention. However, few studies focused on IL determination methods in environmental samples. In the present study, we implemented the determination methods for the 12 ILs with different chemical structures using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and ultraviolet (UV) spectrophotometry. The optimum conditions for extraction of ILs from soil samples were also obtained by single-factor experiments and response surface methodology (RSM). The instrument detection limits (IDLs) reached 10–10 g. Compared to the use of UV, HPLC had the standard curve with stronger correlation (R2 ≥ 0.999) and lower detection limit. We therefore used HPLC to detect the contents of ILs in water and soil samples. A standard adding method was used for the reliability test of the above methods. The average recovery in water samples was 90.46%–108.83%, and the coefficient of variation (CV) was 0.51%–9.07%. The method detection limits (MDLs) were below 0.1 mg/L. The optimized IL extraction conditions in soil samples were as follows: The ratio of methanol and saturated ammonium chloride was 90:10, the ultrasonic time was 50 min, and the power was 350 W. The average recovery in soil samples was 70.39%–85.30%, and the CV was 0.50%–9.99%. The MDLs were below 1 mg/kg. These results using the aforementioned methods met the standards of residue analysis. The present study can provide scientific analysis methods and a basis for evaluation of the study of IL residues in environmental samples.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b02693

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b02693

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.