5 years ago

Tetrathiafulvalene aids in the atomic spectroscopic determination of total mercury

Tetrathiafulvalene aids in the atomic spectroscopic determination of total mercury
The determination of mercury simultaneously to other elements via inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) in airborne particulate matter (PM2.5) is still challenging due to the lack of accuracy for the low level mercury concentrations as a result of its volatility and tendency to adhere to the walls of the sample introduction system. This study investigated the effect of existing (gold and methionine) and new (lithium tetrathiafulvalene carboxylate (LiCTTF)) preservation agents in order to improve the determination of trace mercury in PM2.5 samples. Statistical analysis revealed that a concentration of 10 μg mL−1 of LiCTTF was sufficient to obtain highly accurate results with t values of 0.1044–1.1239 which are considerably less than the critical t value of 1.8 and apparent recoveries of 85%–100%. An evaluation of the method revealed a spiked mercury recovery of 91% and a detection limit of 0.05 ng mL−1. The method was tested for the determination of trace metals in PM2.5 from atmospheric samples and led to the detection of low elemental concentrations in Singapore's atmosphere. The mechanism for the interaction of mercury with LiCTTF and tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) was studied by conducting in situ electrochemical studies. Cyclic voltammetry and square-wave voltammetry analyses of mercury, and mercury in presence of LiCTTF and TTF revealed complexation between the metal and sulfur-containing compounds.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S000326701731067X

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