3 years ago

Continuous Reactive Precipitation in a Coiled Flow Inverter: Inert Particle Tracking, Modular Design, and Production of Uniform CaCO3 Particles

Continuous Reactive Precipitation in a Coiled Flow Inverter: Inert Particle Tracking, Modular Design, and Production of Uniform CaCO3 Particles
Norbert Kockmann, Krishna D. P. Nigam, Mohd Akhtar, Safa Kutup Kurt
A multiphase flow profile inside a helically coiled tubular device (HCTD) was observed by using a high-speed camera. Gas–liquid slug flow observations revealed that the Taylor vortices are influenced by secondary flow due to the centrifugal force acting perpendicular to the flow direction. Hence, mixing inside the liquid slug is enhanced by the combination of Dean and Taylor vortices in HCTD. The modular design of a specific type of HCTD, that is, the coiled flow inverter (CFI) is elucidated by the representation of a new design space diagram. Continuous precipitation of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) was investigated for modular CFI made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) tubes (di = 3.2 mm) with slug flow patterns. CaCO3 was continuously precipitated along CFI with a conversion of ca. 90%. CFI provided a narrower particle size distribution with median particle diameters around 28 μm and more uniform morphology in comparison to a batch reactor.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.7b02240

DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.7b02240

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