3 years ago

Tailoring the size and microporosity of Stöber silica particles

Tailoring the size and microporosity of Stöber silica particles
The influence exerted by addition of [3-(methacryloyloxy) propyl]trimethoxysilane (MPTMOS) on the porosity and size of silica particles synthesized in a water-ethanol-ammonia-tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) mixture by the Stöber-Fink-Bohn method with the subsequent calcination in oxygen at 400 °C was studied. A set of particles was synthesized at the same relative amounts of the starting reagents and at the same temperature of the reaction mixture. It was shown that as the amount of MPTMOS in the TEOS + MPTMOS precursor is raised from 0 to 12.5 mol%, the final size of the resulting SiO2 particles decreases from ∼400 to ∼10 nm, which is presumably due to the increase in the number of nucleation centers by several orders of magnitude. It was found that the particles have micropores, which are presumably formed upon removal of methacryloyloxypropyl groups by calcination. As the MPTMOS:TEOS molar ratio is raised, the micropore volume and the apparent specific surface area of the particles first grow and reach values of 0.15 ≿m3 g−1 (350 m2 g−1), and then decrease to 0.05 ≿m3 g−1 (100 m2 g−1) because the particle size (∼10 nm) becomes comparable with the pore size (1–2 nm). Upon addition of one more porogen, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), to the reaction mixture, the micropore volume and the apparent specific surface area of the particles substantially increase to become 0.25 cm3 g−1 and 600 m2 g−1, correspondingly, and the particle size rises to 50 nm. Probably, mesopores formed upon oxidation of CTAB micelles and micropores are mutually connected and form a common network within the particles. The total pore volume and the specific surface area of the particles determined by BET reach values of 1.05 cm3 g−1 and 1200 m2 g−1, respectively.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1387181117306212

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