5 years ago

A Nonlinear Diffusion Equation-Based Model for Ultrasound Speckle Noise Removal

Boying Wu, Zhenyu Zhou, Zhichang Guo, Dazhi Zhang


Ultrasound images are contaminated by speckle noise, which brings difficulties in further image analysis and clinical diagnosis. In this paper, we address this problem in the view of nonlinear diffusion equation theories. We develop a nonlinear diffusion equation-based model by taking into account not only the gradient information of the image, but also the information of the gray levels of the image. By utilizing the region indicator as the variable exponent, we can adaptively control the diffusion type which alternates between the Perona–Malik diffusion and the Charbonnier diffusion according to the image gray levels. Furthermore, we analyze the proposed model with respect to the theoretical and numerical properties. Experiments show that the proposed method achieves much better speckle suppression and edge preservation when compared with the traditional despeckling methods, especially in the low gray level and low-contrast regions.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00332-017-9414-1

DOI: 10.1007/s00332-017-9414-1

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