3 years ago

Circulating levels of miR-7, miR-152 and miR-192 respond to vitamin D supplementation in adults with prediabetes and correlate with improvements in glycemic control

Vitamin D may play an important role in modifying the risk of type 2 diabetes. Supplementation with cholecalciferol has been shown to improve β cell function and to attenuate the rise in glycated hemoglobin in people at high risk of diabetes. We examined whether circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) reflect disease progression and/or respond to vitamin D supplementation. We measured plasma levels of select miRNAs implicated in diabetes in people with prediabetes treated either with placebo (n=21) or 2000 U of cholecalciferol daily (n=21) for 4 months in the Calcium and Vitamin D for Diabetes Mellitus trial and compared the baseline-adjusted changes after correcting for age, body mass index, race, time of study entry (season) and baseline disposition index. Circulating levels of miR-7 (sixfold reduction, P=.01), miR-152 (1.5-fold increase, P=.03), and miR-192 (1.7-fold reduction, P=.026) displayed significant treatment-by-time interactions between the placebo- and the vitamin-D-treated groups. Plasma levels of miR-7 were reduced in the vitamin D and increased in the placebo group. The change in miR-152 positively correlated with the change in levels of the circulating metabolite 25-hydroxyvitamin D (r=0.33, P=.046) and negatively correlated with the change in glycated hemoglobin (r=−0.37, P=.024). The change in miR-192 positively correlated with the change in fasting glucose (r=0.41, P<.011). In conclusion, reduction of circulating miR-7 and miR-192, accompanied by elevation of miR-152, reflects a beneficial metabolic response to vitamin D treatment in people with prediabetes. These miRNAs may be useful biomarkers in diabetes prevention trials and other studies of vitamin D.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0955286317301754

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