5 years ago

Increased mitochondrial ROS generation mediates the loss of the anti-contractile effects of perivascular adipose tissue in high-fat diet obese mice

Luciane C Alberici, Rafael Menezes Costa, Paulo Louzada-Junior, Rafael S Fais, Rita C Tostes, Núbia S Lobato, Carlos R P Dechandt
Background and Purpose Obesity is associated with structural and functional changes in perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT), favouring release of reactive oxygen species (ROS), vasoconstrictor and proinflammatory factors. The cytokine TNF-α induces vascular dysfunction and is produced by PVAT. We tested the hypothesis that obesity-associated PVAT dysfunction was mediated by augmented mitochondrial ROS (mROS) generation due to increased TNF-α production in this tissue. Experimental Approach C57Bl/6J and TNF-α receptor-deficient mice received control or high fat diet (HFD) for 18 weeks. We used pharmacological tools to determine the participation of mROS in PVAT dysfunction. Superoxide anion (O2.-) and H2O2 were assayed in PVAT and aortic rings were used to assess vascular function. Key Results Aortae from HFD-fed obese mice displayed increased contractions to phenylephrine and loss of PVAT anti-contractile effect. Inactivation of O2.-, dismutation of mitochondria-derived H2O2, uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation and Rho kinase inhibition, decreased phenylephrine-induced contractions in aortae with PVAT from HFD-fed mice. O2.- and H2O2 were increased in PVAT from HFD-fed mice. Mitochondrial respiration analysis revealed decreased O2 consumption rates in PVAT from HFD-fed mice. TNF-α inhibition reduced H2O2 levels in PVAT from HFD-fed mice. PVAT dysfunction, i.e. increased contraction to phenylephrine in PVAT-intact aortae, was not observed in HFD-obese mice lacking TNF-α receptors. Generation of H2O2 was prevented in PVAT from TNF-α receptor deficient obese mice. Conclusion and Implications TNF-α-induced mitochondrial oxidative stress is a key and novel mechanism involved in obesity-associated PVAT dysfunction. These findings elucidate molecular mechanisms whereby oxidative stress in PVAT could affect vascular function. Linked Articles This article is part of a themed section on Molecular Mechanisms Regulating Perivascular Adipose Tissue – Potential Pharmacological Targets? To view the other articles in this section visit http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bph.v174.20/issuetoc

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/bph.13687

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