5 years ago

Comparison of compensatory reserve and arterial lactate as markers of shock and resuscitation

Comparison of compensatory reserve and arterial lactate as markers of shock and resuscitation
Nicholson, Susannah, Dent, Daniel, Eastridge, Brian J., Muir, Mark, Myers, John, DeRosa, Mark, Liao, Lilian, Stewart, Ronald, Cestero, Ramon, Wampler, David, Schwaca, Martin, Carter, Robert III, Convertino, Victor, Alarhayem, Abdul, Chung, Kevin, Johnson, Michael Craig
BACKGROUND: During traumatic hemorrhage, the ability to identify shock and intervene before decompensation is paramount to survival. Lactate is extremely sensitive to shock, and its clearance has been demonstrated a useful gauge of shock and resuscitation status. Though lactate can be measured in the field, logistical constraints render it impractical in certain environments. The compensatory reserve represents a new clinical measurement reflecting the remaining capacity to compensate for hypoperfusion. We hypothesized the compensatory reserve index (CRI) would be an effective surrogate marker of shock and resuscitation compared to lactate. METHODS: The CRI device was placed on consecutive patients meeting trauma center activation criteria and remained on the patient until discharge, admission, or transport to operating suite. All subjects had a lactate level measured as part of their routine admission metabolic analysis. Time-corresponding CRI and lactate values were matched in regards to initial and subsequent lactate levels. Mean time from lactate sample collection to data availability in the electronic medical record was calculated. Predictive capacity of CRI and lactate in predicting hemorrhage was determined by receiver-operator characteristic curve analysis. Correlation analysis was performed to determine if any association existed between changing CRI and lactate values. RESULTS: Receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) curves were generated and area under the curve was 0.8052 and 0.8246 for CRI and lactate, respectively. There was no significant difference in each parameter’s ability to predict hemorrhage (p = 0.8015). The mean duration from lactate sample collection to clinical availability was 44 minutes whereas CRI values were available immediately. Analysis of the concomitant change in serial CRI and lactate levels revealed a Spearman’s correlation coefficient of −0.73 (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: CRI performed with equivalent predictive capacity to lactate with respect to identifying initial perfusion status associated with hemorrhage and subsequent resuscitation. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Diagnostic, Level II.
You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.