5 years ago

Prevalence of positive direct antiglobulin test and clinical outcomes in Surinamese newborns from D-negative women

Wilco C.W.R. Zijlmans, Henk Schonewille, Humphrey H.H. Kanhai, Rens Zonneveld, Margriet Lamers, Anneke Brand
BACKGROUND In low-resource countries, screening for D antibodies to detect pregnancies at risk for hemolytic disease of the newborn is not routine practice. Retrospective data showed that 5.5% of Surinamese newborns of D-negative women had a positive direct antiglobulin test (DAT), indicating the presence of maternal antibodies against fetal antigens. Here, the frequency and clinical relevance of DAT positivity is evaluated. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Between April 2015 and June 2016, an observational, multicenter cohort study was undertaken among Surinamese newborns born to D-negative women. In newborns, the DAT was performed, and clinical outcomes between DAT-negative and DAT-positive newborns were compared. RESULTS Of the 232 evaluable newborns, 19 (8.2%) had a positive DAT, of which 11 of 15 antibody-tested newborns had D antibodies. DAT-positive newborns had lower hemoglobin levels (p = 0.02) and a trend toward higher bilirubin concentrations (p = 0.09) in the first days of life compared with DAT-negative newborns. DAT-positive newborns were admitted more frequently (p = 0.02), needed phototherapy treatment almost four times as often as DAT-negative newborns (26% vs. 7%; p = 0.008), and therapy took 2 days longer (p = 0.01). Exchange transfusions were performed in two newborns with D antibodies, both complicated with sepsis. The hospital stay was 2.5 days longer for DAT-positive newborns (p = 0.007). Overall, the prevalence of hemolytic disease of the newborn requiring treatment was 2.2% among the whole cohort of newborns. CONCLUSION We found a high prevalence of DAT positivity with substantial need for hyperbilirubinemia treatment in newborns in Suriname. These results stress the necessity for better management procedures in D-negative women.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/trf.14229

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