3 years ago

N-Glycosylation of Asparagine 130 in the Extracellular Domain of the Human Calcitonin Receptor Significantly Increases Peptide Hormone Affinity

N-Glycosylation of Asparagine 130 in the Extracellular Domain of the Human Calcitonin Receptor Significantly Increases Peptide Hormone Affinity
Augen A. Pioszak, Joseph J. Gingell, Debbie L. Hay, Virginie Sjoelund, Jason M. Booe, Sang-Min Lee
The calcitonin receptor (CTR) is a class B G protein-coupled receptor that is activated by the peptide hormones calcitonin and amylin. Calcitonin regulates bone remodeling through CTR, whereas amylin regulates blood glucose and food intake by activating CTR in complex with receptor activity-modifying proteins (RAMPs). These receptors are targeted clinically for the treatment of osteoporosis and diabetes. Here, we define the role of CTR N-glycosylation in hormone binding using purified calcitonin and amylin receptor extracellular domain (ECD) glycoforms and fluorescence polarization/anisotropy and isothermal titration calorimetry peptide-binding assays. N-Glycan-free CTR ECD produced in Escherichia coli exhibited ∼10-fold lower peptide affinity than CTR ECD produced in HEK293T cells, which yield complex N-glycans, or in HEK293S GnTI cells, which yield core N-glycans (Man5GlcNAc2). PNGase F-catalyzed removal of N-glycans at N73, N125, and N130 in the CTR ECD decreased peptide affinity ∼10-fold, whereas Endo H-catalyzed trimming of the N-glycans to single GlcNAc residues had no effect on peptide binding. Similar results were observed for an amylin receptor RAMP2-CTR ECD complex. Characterization of peptide-binding affinities of purified N → Q CTR ECD glycan site mutants combined with PNGase F and Endo H treatment strategies and mass spectrometry to define the glycan species indicated that a single GlcNAc residue at CTR N130 was responsible for the peptide affinity enhancement. Molecular modeling suggested that this GlcNAc functions through an allosteric mechanism rather than by directly contacting the peptide. These results reveal an important role for N-linked glycosylation in the peptide hormone binding of a clinically relevant class B GPCR.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00256

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00256

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