3 years ago

Unsaturated Long-Chain Fatty Acids Are Preferred Ferritin Ligands That Enhance Iron Biomineralization

Unsaturated Long-Chain Fatty Acids Are Preferred Ferritin Ligands That Enhance Iron Biomineralization
Mariapina D'Onofrio, Caterina Bernacchioni, Katiuscia Pagano, Paola Turano, Silvio Aime, Henriette Molinari, Silvia Ciambellotti, Michael Assfalg, Serena Zanzoni, Laura Ragona
Ferritin is a ubiquitous nanocage protein, which can accommodate up to thousands of iron atoms inside its cavity. Aside from its iron storage function, a new role as a fatty acid binder has been proposed for this protein. The interaction of apo horse spleen ferritin (HoSF) with a variety of lipids has been here investigated through NMR spectroscopic ligand-based experiments, to provide new insights into the mechanism of ferritin–lipid interactions, and the link with iron mineralization. 1D 1H, diffusion (DOSY) and saturation-transfer difference (STD) NMR experiments provided evidence for a stronger interaction of ferritin with unsaturated fatty acids compared to saturated fatty acids, detergents, and bile acids. Mineralization assays showed that oleate c aused the most efficient increase in the initial rate of iron oxidation, and the highest formation of ferric species in HoSF. The comprehension of the factors inducing a faster biomineralization is an issue of the utmost importance, given the association of ferritin levels with metabolic syndromes, such as insulin resistance and diabetes, characterized by fatty acid concentration dysregulation. The human ferritin H-chain homopolymer (HuHF), featuring ferroxidase activity, was also tested for its fatty acid binding capabilities. Assays show that oleate can bind with high affinity to HuHF, without altering the reaction rates at the ferroxidase site. Chewing the fat: The role of lipids in iron homeostasis is investigated. Oleate is seen to bind to ferritin and increase the iron biomineralization rate.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201701164

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