5 years ago

In an era of highly effective treatment, hepatitis C screening of the United States general population should be considered

Linda Henry, Youssef Younossi, Rachel Beckerman, Rob Blissett, Deidre Blissett, Sharon Hunt, Zobair Younossi
Background & Aims Hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment with all oral direct acting antiviral agents (DAA's) achieve sustained virologic response (SVR) rates of 98%. Re-assessment of general US population screening for HCV is imperative. This study compared the cost-effectiveness (CE) of three HCV screening strategies: screen all (SA), screen Birth Cohort (BCS), and screen high risks (HRS). Methods Using a previous designed decision-analytic Markov model, estimations of the natural history of HCV and CE evaluation of the three HCV screening strategies over a lifetime horizon in the US population was undertaken. Based on age and risk status, 16 cohorts were modelled. Health states included: Fibrosis stages 0 to 4, decompensated cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, LT, post-LT, and death. The probability of liver disease progression was based on the presence or absence of virus. Treatment was with approved all-oral DAAs; 86% were assumed to be seen annually by a primary care provider; SVR rates, transition probabilities, utilities, and costs were from the literature. One-way sensitivity analyses tested the impact of key model drivers. Results SA cost $272.0 billion [$135 279 per patient] and led to 12.19 QALYs per patient. BCS and HRS cost $274.5 billion ($136 568 per patient) and $284.5 billion ($141 502 per patient) with 11.65 and 11.25 QALYs per patient respectively. Compared to BCS, SA led to an additional 0.54 QALYs per patient and saved $2.59 billion; compared to HRS, SA led to 0.95 additional QALYs per patient and saved $12.5 billion. Conclusions Screening the entire US population and treating active viraemia was projected as cost-saving.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/liv.13519

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