3 years ago

Oxygen-Deficient Titanium Dioxide Nanosheets as More Effective Polysulfide Reservoirs for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

Oxygen-Deficient Titanium Dioxide Nanosheets as More Effective Polysulfide Reservoirs for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
Xing-Long Wu, Yan-Ping Zheng, Ling-Na Sun, Jing-Ping Zhang, Xiao-Hua Zhang, Chao-Ying Fan, Han-Chi Wang, Hai-Zhu Sun, Si-Yu Liu, Wen-Hao Li
In this work, oxygen-deficient anatase TiO2 nanosheets (A-TiO2−xNSs) are proposed as a substrate to improve the electrochemical properties of sulfur electrodes for lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. The A-TiO2−xNSs are prepared by partly reducing pristine TiO2 nanosheets (A-TiO2NSs) in NaBH4 solution. With some oxygen vacancies on the surface of the TiO2 nanosheets, A-TiO2−xNSs not only promote electronic transfer, but also act as more effective polysulfide reservoirs to minimize the dissolution of lithium polysulfides (LiPSs) than the A-TiO2NSs control. Hence, upon utilization as modifiers for cathodes of Li-S batteries, the A-TiO2−xNSs-modified sulfur (A-TiO2−xNSs-S) cathode exhibits a higher reversible specific capacity and greater cycling performance and rate capability than the A-TiO2NSs-modified one (A-TiO2NSs-S). For example, A-TiO2−xNSs-S delivers an initial specific capacity of 1277.1 mAh g−1 at 0.1 C and maintains a stable Coulombic efficiency of approximately 99.2 % after the first five cycles; these values are higher than those of 997.3 mAh g−1 and around 96.7 %, respectively, for A-TiO2NSs-S. The enhanced electrochemical properties of the A-TiO2−xNSs-S cathode can be ascribed mainly to the more effective adsorption of dissolvable and diffused LiPSs by the oxygen vacancies. Therefore, utilization of the structure of oxygen vacancies in Li-S batteries demonstrates great prospects for practical application. Oxygen-deficient cathode: A sulfur cathode modified with oxygen-deficient anatase TiO2 nanosheets (A-TiO2−xNSs-S cathode) performs better in lithium-sulfur batteries than the A-TiO2NSs-S cathode (see figure). Oxygen vacancies on the surface of the A-TiO2−xNSs provide robustly interactional active sites for lithium polysulfides, which efficiently relieve the shuttle effect, so the A-TiO2−xNSs-S cathode shows superior electrochemical properties to the A-TiO2NSs-S cathode.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201701580

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