5 years ago

Four PTEN-targeting co-expressed miRNAs and ACTN4- targeting miR-548b are independent prognostic biomarkers in human squamous cell carcinoma of the oral tongue

Louis Guertin, Apostolos Christopoulos, Francis Rodier, Olguta Gologan, Isabelle Clément, Julie Guilmette, Phuc Felix Nguyen-Tan, Denis Soulieres, Tareck Ayad, Guillaume B. Cardin, Ilyes Berania, Eric Bissada, Philip Wong, Edith Filion
The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic value and oncogenic pathways associated to miRNA expression in squamous cell carcinoma of the oral tongue and to link these miRNA candidates with potential gene targets. We performed a miRNA screening within our institutional cohort (n = 58 patients) and reported five prognostic targets including a cluster of four co-expressed miRNAs (miR-18a, miR-92a, miR-103, and miR-205). Multivariate analysis showed that expression of miR-548b (p = 0.007) and miR-18a (p = 0.004, representative of co-expressed miRNAs) are independent prognostic markers for squamous cell carcinoma of the oral tongue. These findings were validated in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohort (n = 131) for both miRNAs (miR-548b: p = 0.027; miR-18a: p = 0.001). Bioinformatics analysis identified PTEN and ACTN4 as direct targets of the four co-expressed miRNAs and miR-548b, respectively. Correlations between the five identified miRNAs and their respective targeted genes were validated in the two merged cohorts and were concordantly significant (miR-18a/PTEN: p < 0.0001; miR-92a/PTEN: p = 0.0008; miR-103/PTEN: p = 0.008; miR-203/PTEN: p = 0.019; miR-548b/ACTN4: p = 0.009).

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/ijc.30915

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