5 years ago

Fluoroscopically Guided Acetabular Component Positioning: Does It Reduce the Risk of Malpositioning in Obese Patients?

Obesity has been described as an independent risk factor for acetabular component malpositioning. The purpose of this study was to determine if this could be overcome by use of fluoroscopic navigation in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Methods The first, postoperative, standing, anteroposterior pelvis radiographs from 1599 consecutive patients who underwent fluoroscopic-guided THAs via anterior approach during a six-year period were obtained. We retrospectively reviewed this prospectively collected data. Inclination and anteversion were measured as described by Barrack et al. Intraoperative target ranges for inclination and anteversion angles were 30°-50° and 5°-25°. Patients were divided into 3 cohorts by body mass index, nonobese (<30 kg/m2) obese (between 30 and 40 kg/m2) and morbidly obese (>40 kg/m2), looking for significant differences in acetabular component positioning. Results Of the 1599 patients, 1065 were nonobese, 506 obese, and 28 morbidly obese. Overall, average inclination was 37.7° and anteversion was 16.3°. Regarding inclination, 95.0% of cups were positioned in the safe zone, 95.7% for anteversion, and 91.2% for both inclination and anteversion. Analysis of each cohort individually revealed an average inclination of 37.5° in the nonobese, 37.9° in the obese, and 39.9° in the morbidly obese patients. For anteversion, each group's averages were 16.1°, 16.5°, and 16.0°, respectively. There was no significant relationship between a patient's body mass index and cup position for inclination (P = .867), anteversion (P = .673), or both inclination and anteversion (P = .624). Conclusion Fluoroscopy is a useful tool for achieving a targeted acetabular component orientation in direct anterior THA, irrespective of patient BMI.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0883540317303868

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