3 years ago

Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of Total Hip Arthroplasty With a Specific Liner in Small Asian Patients: Influence of Patient-Related, Implant-Related, and Surgical Factors on Femoral Head Penetration

We evaluated the clinical and radiographic outcomes, including femoral head penetration, of total hip arthroplasty performed using a specific polyethylene (PE) liner in small Asian patients at 10 years after the index surgery. In addition, we investigated whether femoral head penetration was affected by patient-related, implant-related, and surgical factors. Methods Between August 2002 and June 2005, for cementless primary total hip arthroplasty, we used acetabular PE liners that were manufactured from GUR 1050 resin, machined from isostatic compression-molded bar stock, and sterilized with a gamma ray irradiation in argon gas. We assessed 82 hips in 78 patients who received these liners. Results The mean Harris hip score improved from 41.0 preoperatively to 84.5 at 10 years postoperatively. Periprosthetic osteolysis was observed in 7 hips (9.8%). No acetabular component migration was detected, and no revision surgery was performed 10 years postoperatively. The mean steady-state wear rate was 0.031 mm/y, which was lower than the wear rate for other conventional PE liners of the previous studies. Among the patient-related, implant-related, and surgical factors, sex was significantly associated with the mean steady-state wear rate, with a higher rate in male patients than in female patients. Conclusion PE acetabular liners used in small Asian patients show similar clinical outcomes and reduced wear compared with those of other liners. In addition, sex is significantly associated with the mean steady-state wear rate, and the steady-state wear rate is higher in male patients than in female patients.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0883540317303947

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