5 years ago

What is the Impact of a Spinal Fusion on Acetabular Implant Orientation in Functional Standing and Sitting Positions?

This study used EOS imaging of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients, with and without predating spinal fusion, to investigate (1) the impact of spinal fusion on acetabular implant anteversion and inclination, and (2) whether more extensive spinal fusion (fusion starting above the thoracolumbar junction or extension of fusion to the sacrum) affects acetabular implant orientation differently than lumbar only spinal fusion. Methods Ninety-three patients had spinal fusion (case group), and 150 patients were without spinal fusion (controls). None of the patients experienced dislocation. The change in sacral slope (SS) and cup orientation from standing to sitting was measured. Results Mean SS change from the standing to sitting positions was −7.9°in the fusion group vs −18.4°in controls (P = .0001). Mean change in cup inclination from the standing to sitting positions was 4.9°in the fusion group vs 10.2°in controls (P = .0001). Mean change in cup anteversion from standing to sitting positions was 7.1°in the fusion group vs 12.1°in controls (P = .0001). For each additional level of spinal fusion, the change in SS from standing to sitting positions decreased by 1.6(95% confidence interval [CI], 2.2073-1.0741), the change in cup inclination decreased by 0.8(95% CI, 0.380-1.203), and the change in cup anteversion decreased by 0.9(95% CI, 0.518-1.352; P < .001 in all cases). Conclusion Patients with spinal fusion demonstrated less adaptability of the lumbosacral junction. Longer spinal fusion or inclusion of the pelvis in the fusion critically impacts hip-spine biomechanics and significantly affects the ability to compensate in the standing-to-sitting transition.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0883540317303923

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