5 years ago

Accessibility to health services among migrant workers in the Northeast of Thailand [version 1; referees: 2 approved]

Suprawee Khongthanachayopit, Wongsa Laohasiriwong
Background. There is an increasing trend of trans-border migration from neighboring countries to Thailand. According to human rights laws, everyone must have access to health services, even if they are from other nationalities.  However, a small minority of health personnel in Thailand discriminate against immigrant workers, as they are from a lower financial bracket. Methods. This cross-sectional study aims to determine the prevalence of accessibility to health services and factors associated with access to health services among migrant workers who work along the Northeast border of Thailand. A total of 621 legal migrant workers were randomly selected to respond to a structured questionnaire about the satisfaction of health services, using the 5As of health services: availability; accessibility; accommodation; affordability; acceptability.  Associations between independent variables and access to health services were analysed   using multiple logistic regression analysis. Results. The results indicated that the majority of these registered migrant workers were female (63.9%) with an average age of 29± 8.61 years old, and were married (54.3%). Most of the workers worked at restaurants (80%), whereas only 20% were in agricultural sectors. Only 14% (95% CI: 11-17%) of migrant workers had access to health services. The factors that were significantly associated with accessibility to health service experienced ill health during the past one year (OR = 2.48; 95%CI; 1.54–3.97; p-value<0.001); have been married (OR = 2.32; 95% CI: 1.40 – 3.90; p-value <0.001). Conclusions. Most of the migrant workers could not access health services. The ones who did access health services were married or ill.

Publisher URL: https://f1000research.com/articles/6-972/v1

DOI: 10.12688/f1000research.11651.1

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