3 years ago

Superior Plasmonic Photodetectors Based on Au@MoS2 Core–Shell Heterostructures

Superior Plasmonic Photodetectors Based on Au@MoS2 Core–Shell Heterostructures
Jeffrey D. Cain, Xinqi Chen, Jennifer G. DiStefano, Fernando C. Castro, Akshay A. Murthy, Yuan Li, Vinayak P. Dravid, Qianqian Li, Eve D. Hanson
Integrating plasmonic materials into semiconductor media provides a promising approach for applications such as photosensing and solar energy conversion. The resulting structures introduce enhanced light–matter interactions, additional charge trap states, and efficient charge-transfer pathways for light-harvesting devices, especially when an intimate interface is built between the plasmonic nanostructure and semiconductor. Herein, we report the development of plasmonic photodetectors using Au@MoS2 heterostructures—an Au nanoparticle core that is encapsulated by a CVD-grown multilayer MoS2 shell, which perfectly realizes the intimate and direct interfacing of Au and MoS2. We explored their favorable applications in different types of photosensing devices. The first involves the development of a large-area interdigitated field-effect phototransistor, which shows a photoresponsivity ∼10 times higher than that of planar MoS2 transistors. The other type of device geometry is a Si-supported Au@MoS2 heterojunction gateless photodiode. We demonstrated its superior photoresponse and recovery ability, with a photoresponsivity as high as 22.3 A/W, which is beyond the most distinguished values of previously reported similar gateless photodetectors. The improvement of photosensing performance can be a combined result of multiple factors, including enhanced light absorption, creation of more trap states, and, possibly, the formation of interfacial charge-transfer transition, benefiting from the intimate connection of Au and MoS2.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b05071

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b05071

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