3 years ago

Entropic Anomaly Observed in Lipid Polymorphisms Induced by Surfactant Peptide SP-B(1–25)

Entropic Anomaly Observed in Lipid Polymorphisms Induced by Surfactant Peptide SP-B(1–25)
Joanna R. Long, Avni Bhatt, Robert McKenna, Justin Kurian, Nhi Tran
The N-terminal 25 amino-acid residues of pulmonary surfactant protein B (SP-B1–25) induces unusual lipid polymorphisms in a model lipid system, 4:1 DPPC/POPG, mirroring the lipid composition of native pulmonary surfactant. It is widely suggested that SP-B1–25-induced lipid polymorphisms within the alveolar aqueous subphase provide a structural platform for rapid lipid adsorption to the air–water interface. Here, we characterize in detail the phase behavior of DPPC and POPG in hydrated lipid assemblies containing therapeutic levels of SP-B1–25 using 2H and 31P solid state NMR spectroscopy. The appearance of a previously observed isotropic lipid phase is found to be highly dependent on the thermal cycling of the samples. Slow heating of frozen samples leads to phase separation of DPPC into a lamellar phase whereas POPG lipids interact with the peptide to form an isotropic phase at physiologic temperature. Rapid heating of frozen samples to room temperature leads to strongly isotropic phase behavior for both DPPC and POPG lipids, with DPPC in exchange between isotropic and interdigitated phases. 31P T2 relaxation times confirm the isotropic phase to be consistent with a lipid cubic phase. The observed phases exhibit thermal stability up to physiologic temperature (37 °C) and are consistent with the formation of a ripple phase containing a large number of peptide-induced membrane structural defects enabling rapid transit of lipids between lipid lamellae. The coexistance of a lipid cubic phase with interdigitated lipids suggests a specific role for the highly conserved N-terminus of SP-B in stabilizing this unusual lipid polymorphism.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b06538

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b06538

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