3 years ago

Co/Al2O3-rGO nanocomposite as cathode electrocatalyst for superior oxygen reduction in microbial fuel cell applications: The effect of nanocomposite composition

Co/Al2O3-rGO nanocomposite as cathode electrocatalyst for superior oxygen reduction in microbial fuel cell applications: The effect of nanocomposite composition
This study reports the synthesis of non-platinum group metal (non-PGM) catalyst based on low cost cobalt nanoparticles supported by alumina and reduced graphene oxide (Al2O3-rGO) matrix as a new generation alternative to expensive platinum catalyst. 1: 1 Al2O3 and rGO ratio has found to be the most effective support for generating higher energy in single chambered microbial fuel cell (SC-MFC). The crystalline structure, chemical composition and surface structure of the developed catalyst material are analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Energy dispersive X-ray diffraction (EDX) mapping and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The morphology of Co/Al2O3-rGO is characterized by Field-Emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). A study of different weight percentage of cobalt nanoparticles with support matrix is conducted in respect of catalyst activity and it reveals that the catalyst mixture with 80wt% of metal (Catalyst B) is the best combination compared to the catalyst composition with 70 and 90wt% of metal. Catalyst B also exhibits higher stability compared to the commercial Pt/C catalyst. The function of the nanocatalyst (Catalyst B) as ORR cathode catalyst is observed in a single −chambered microbial fuel cell (SC-MFC) with a power density of 548.19 mWm−2 (compared to 483.48 mWm−2 for Pt/C catalyst).Thus, the newly developed catalyst can be a better substitute for the expensive Pt catalyst for SC-MFC application.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0013468617319795

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