5 years ago

Unidirectional photonic wire laser

Unidirectional photonic wire laser
John L. Reno, Nazir P. Kherani, Qing Hu, Ali Khalatpour

Photonic wire lasers are a new genre of lasers that have a transverse dimension much smaller than the wavelength. Unidirectional emission is highly desirable as most of the laser power will be in the desired direction. Owing to their small lateral dimension relative to the wavelength, however, the mode mostly propagates outside the solid core. Consequently, conventional approaches to attach a highly reflective element to the rear facet, whether a thin film or a distributed Bragg reflector, are not applicable. Here we propose a simple and effective technique to achieve unidirectionality. Terahertz quantum-cascade lasers with distributed feedback (DFB) were chosen as the platform of the photonic wire lasers. Unidirectionality is achieved with a power ratio of the forward/backward of about eight, and the power of the forward-emitting laser is increased by a factor of 1.8 compared with a reference bidirectional DFB laser. Furthermore, we achieved a wall plug power efficiency of ∼1%.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2017.129

DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2017.129

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