5 years ago

Hypervalent Iodine(III)-Mediated Decarboxylative Ritter-Type Amination Leading to the Production of α-Tertiary Amine Derivatives

Hypervalent Iodine(III)-Mediated Decarboxylative Ritter-Type Amination Leading to the Production of α-Tertiary Amine Derivatives
Satoshi Minakata, Laura Fra, Kensuke Kiyokawa, Tomoki Watanabe, Takumi Kojima
α-Tertiary amines (ATAs) are attractive structural motifs that are frequently found in biologically active molecules. Therefore, the development of an efficient method for the synthesis of ATAs represents an important research topic in the field of medicinal chemistry as well as organic chemistry. Although the Ritter reaction is a reliable approach for preparing α-tertiary amine derivatives via intermolecular amination reactions, the typical methods suffer from disadvantages such as harsh reaction conditions and the use of strong acids. Because of this, it has been of limited use in the synthesis of ATAs. We report here on the decarboxylative Ritter-type amination of carboxylic acids bearing an α-quaternary carbon center using a combination of PhI(OAc)2 and molecular iodine (I2) to produce the corresponding α-tertiary amine derivatives. This reaction proceeded at ambient temperature on the benchtop with a fluorescent light. Mechanistic investigations suggest that the reaction proceeds via the formation of an alkyl iodide and a higher oxidation state iodine(III) species as key intermediates. Similarly, a stepwise protocol for the Ritter-type amination of alcohols via the formation of oxalic acid monoalkyl esters was also achieved. The present methods represent a useful tool for the synthesis of ATAs that are difficult to prepare by conventional methods.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.7b01202

DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.7b01202

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