3 years ago

Individualized Dosimetry for Theranostics: Necessary, Nice to Have, or Counterproductive?

Lassmann M, Eberlein U, Cremonesi M
In 2005, the term theragnostics (theranostics) was introduced for describing the use of imaging for therapy planning in radiation oncology. In nuclear medicine, this expression describes the use of tracers for predicting the absorbed doses in molecular radiotherapy and, thus, the safety and efficacy of a treatment. At present, the most successful groups of isotopes for this purpose are 123I/124I/131I, 68Ga/177Lu, and 111In/86Y/90Y. The purpose of this review is to summarize available data on the dosimetry and dose-response relationships of several theranostic compounds, with a special focus on radioiodine therapy for differentiated thyroid cancer and peptide receptor radionuclide therapy. These are treatment modalities for which dose-response relationships for healthy tissues and tumors have been demonstrated. In addition, available data demonstrate that posttherapeutic dosimetry after a first treatment cycle predicts the absorbed doses in further cycles. Both examples show the applicability of the concept of theranostics in molecular radiotherapies. Nevertheless, unanswered questions need to be addressed in clinical trials incorporating dosimetry-related concepts for determining the amount of therapeutic activity to be administered.

Publisher URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28864620

DOI: PubMed:28864620

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