3 years ago

Protection of CTGF Antibody Against Diabetic Nephropathy in Mice Via Reducing Glomerular β-Catenin Expression and Podocyte Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition

Protection of CTGF Antibody Against Diabetic Nephropathy in Mice Via Reducing Glomerular β-Catenin Expression and Podocyte Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
Xiao-Lan Chen, Hou-Yong Dai, Yun Cao, Li-Na Ma, Bin Yang, Ya-Ping Fan, Hui Shi
Despite substantial progress in medical care, the morbidity rate of diabetic nephropathy (DN) remains high in patients with diabetes. Evidence suggests that connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) induced podocyte injury may contribute to DN and CTGF inhibition could reduce albuminuria. However, to date the mechanisms involved in the effect of CTGF on podocyte injury have not been fully understood. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of therapeutic CTGF antibody on glomerular β-catenin expression and podocyte epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in diabetic mice. C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into three groups as the following: the control, DN, and DN treated by CTGF antibody group. DN was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin and then CTGF antibody was administrated three times per week for 8 weeks. Urinary albumin excretion, mesangial proliferation and matrix deposition, and β-catenin expression in glomeruli at mRNA and protein level were all increased in DN mice compared to that in the control. Besides, the development of EMT in podocytes from diabetic mice, demonstrated by the downregulation of nephrin and upregulation of desmin in glomeruli, was detected. Furthermore, blocking CTGF by specific antibody reduced albuminuria, prevented the overexpression of CTGF, as well as β-catenin, in glomeruli and subsequently ameliorated podocyte EMT in DN mice. In summary, this study suggested that CTGF antibody protected podocytes against injury in DN mice by reducing β-catenin overexpression and preventing podocyte EMT, which might provide new insight into the mechanism of CTGF inhibition in the treatment of DN. J. Cell. Biochem. 118: 3706–3712, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. CTGF antibody protected podocytes against injury in DN mice by reducing β-catenin overexpression and preventing podocyte EMT.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/jcb.26017

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.