3 years ago

Identification of Key Gene Modules in Human Osteosarcoma by Co-Expression Analysis Weighted Gene Co-Expression Network Analysis (WGCNA)

Identification of Key Gene Modules in Human Osteosarcoma by Co-Expression Analysis Weighted Gene Co-Expression Network Analysis (WGCNA)
Xiangsheng Liu, Ai-Xin Hu, Feng-Li Chen, Jia-Li Zhao
Osteosarcoma is the eighth-most common form of childhood cancer, comprising about 20% of all primary bone cancers. To date, systemic co-expression analysis for this cancer is still insufficient to explain the pathogenesis of poorly understood OC. The objective of this study was to construct a gene co-expression network to predict clusters of candidate genes involved in the pathogenesis of osteosarcoma. First, we contributed co-expression modules via weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) and investigated the functional enrichment analysis of co-expression genes in terms of GO and KEGG. In result, seven co-expression modules were identified, containing 2,228 differentially expressed genes identified from the 22 human osteosarcoma samples. Subsequently, correlation study showed that the hub-genes between pair-wise modules displayed significant differences. Lastly, functional enrichment analysis of the co-expression modules showed that the module 5 enriched in progresses of immune response, antigen processing, and presentation. In conclusion, we identified essential genes in module 5 which were associated to human osteosarcoma. The key genes in our findings might provide the framework of co-expression gene modules of human osteosarcoma. Further, the functional analysis of these associated genes provides references to understand the mechanism of Osteosarcoma. J. Cell. Biochem. 118: 3953–3959, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Here, we speculated that genes of the module 5 were the essential genes which were associated to human osteosarcoma. Together, our findings provided the framework of co-expression gene modules of human osteosarcoma and furthered the understanding of these modules at functional aspect.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/jcb.26050

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