4 years ago

Selective, Metal-Free Approach to 3- or 5-CF3-Pyrazoles: Solvent Switchable Reaction of CF3-Ynones with Hydrazines

Selective, Metal-Free Approach to 3- or 5-CF3-Pyrazoles: Solvent Switchable Reaction of CF3-Ynones with Hydrazines
Evgeniy V. Kondrashov, Alexander Yu. Rulev, Valentine G. Nenajdenko, Igor A. Ushakov, Alexey R. Romanov, Vasiliy M. Muzalevskiy, Vyacheslav A. Chertkov
A detailed study of the reaction of trifluoroacetylated acetylenes and aryl (alkyl) hydrazines was performed, aimed to the regioselective synthesis of 3- or 5-trifluoromethylated pyrazoles. It was found that the regioselectivity of reaction depends dramatically on the solvent nature. Highly polar protic solvents (hexafluoroisopropanol) favor the formation of 3-trifluoromethylpyrazoles. In contrast, when the reaction was performed in polar aprotic solvents (DMSO), the formation of their 5-CF3-substituted isomers was preferentially observed. Alternatively, the regioselective assembly of 3-CF3-substituted pyrazoles can be performed via two-step one-pot procedure. The reaction of trifluoromethylated ynones with aryl (alkyl) hydrazines in the presence of acidic catalysts leads to formation of the corresponding hydrazones. The latter can be smoothly transformed into 3-CF3-pyrazoles by treatment with a base. This solvent-switchable procedure was used for the preparation of such important drugs as Celebrex and SC-560 as well as their isomers in gram scale. The possible reaction mechanism is discussed.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.7b00774

DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.7b00774

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