3 years ago

Fasting plasma glucose and serum uric acid levels in a general Chinese population with normal glucose tolerance: A U-shaped curve

Yangang Wang, Xiaolin Sun, Zhongchao Wang, Kui Che, Ying Chen, Jingwei Chi, Yunyang Wang

by Yunyang Wang, Jingwei Chi, Kui Che, Ying Chen, Xiaolin Sun, Yangang Wang, Zhongchao Wang

Objective

Although several epidemiological studies assessed the relationship between fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and serum uric acid (SUA) levels, the results were inconsistent. A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate this relationship in Chinese individuals with normal glucose tolerance.

Research design and methods

A total of 5,726 women and 5,457 men with normal glucose tolerance were enrolled in the study. All subjects underwent a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test. Generalized additive models and two-piecewise linear regression models were applied to assess the relationship.

Results

A U-shaped relationship between FPG and SUA was observed. After adjusting for potential confounders, the inflection points of FPG levels in the curves were 4.6 mmol/L in women and 4.7 mmol/L in men respectively. SUA levels decreased with increasing fasting plasma glucose concentrations before the inflection points (regression coefficient [β] = -36.4, P < 0.001 for women; β = -33.5, P < 0.001 for men), then SUA levels increased (β = 17.8, P < 0.001 for women; β = 13.9, P < 0.001 for men). Additionally, serum insulin levels were positively associated with FPG and SUA (P < 0.05).

Conclusions

A U-shaped relationship between FPG and SUA levels existed in Chinese individuals with normal glucose tolerance. The association is partly mediated through serum insulin levels.

Publisher URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180111

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