3 years ago

Genetic variation of human neutrophil Fcγ receptors and SIRPα in antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity towards cancer cells

Martin Boer, Patricia Gonzalez, Hanke L. Matlung, Michel Houdt, Xi Wen Zhao, Paul Verkuijlen, Judy Geissler, Joris der Heijden, Louise W. Treffers, Sietse Q. Nagelkerke, Taco W. Kuijpers, Timo K. den Berg, Dieke J. van Rees
The efficacy of cancer therapeutic antibodies varies considerably among patients. Anti-cancer antibodies act through different mechanisms, including antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) triggered via Fcγ receptors (FcγR). This phagocyte ADCC can be promoted by interference with CD47-SIRPα interactions, but the magnitude of this enhancement also varies among individuals. Both FcγR and SIRPα display considerable genetic variation, and we investigated whether this explains some of the variability in ADCC. Because of linkage disequilibrium between FcγR variants the interpretation of previous reports suggesting a potential link between FcγR polymorphisms and ADCC has been troublesome. We performed an integrated genetic analysis that enables stratification. ADCC by activated human neutrophils towards Trastuzumab-coated breast cancer cells was predominantly dependent on FcγRIIa. Neutrophils from individuals with the FcγRIIa-131H polymorphic variant displayed significantly higher killing capacity relative to those with FcγRIIa-131R. Furthermore, ADCC was consistently enhanced by targeting CD47-SIRPα interactions, and there were no significant functional differences between the two most prevalent SIRPα polymorphic variants. Thus, neutrophil ADCC capacity is directly related to the FcγRIIa polymorphism, and targeting CD47-SIRPα interactions enhances ADCC independently of FcγR and SIRPα genotype, thereby further suggesting that CD47-SIRPα interference might be a generic strategy for potentiating the efficacy of antibody therapy in cancer. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/eji.201747215

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