3 years ago

HDAC5 and Its Target Gene, Npas4, Function in the Nucleus Accumbens to Regulate Cocaine-Conditioned Behaviors

HDAC5 and Its Target Gene, Npas4, Function in the Nucleus Accumbens to Regulate Cocaine-Conditioned Behaviors
Christopher W. Cowan, Erin B. Larson, Laura N. Smith, Makoto Taniguchi, Peter W. Kalivas, Maria B. Carreira, Daniel Guzman, Evan A. Balmuth, Yonatan A. Cooper, David W. Self, Tae-Kyung Kim, Brandon W. Hughes, Joseph S. Takahashi, Ana-Clara Bobadilla, Jaswinder Kumar, Yingxi Lin, Rachel D. Penrod, Jasper A. Heinsbroek, Nobuya Koike

Summary

Individuals suffering from substance-use disorders develop strong associations between the drug's rewarding effects and environmental cues, creating powerful, enduring triggers for relapse. We found that dephosphorylated, nuclear histone deacetylase 5 (HDAC5) in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) reduced cocaine reward-context associations and relapse-like behaviors in a cocaine self-administration model. We also discovered that HDAC5 associates with an activity-sensitive enhancer of the Npas4 gene and negatively regulates NPAS4 expression. Exposure to cocaine and the test chamber induced rapid and transient NPAS4 expression in a small subpopulation of FOS-positive neurons in the NAc. Conditional deletion of Npas4 in the NAc significantly reduced cocaine conditioned place preference and delayed learning of the drug-reinforced action during cocaine self-administration, without affecting cue-induced reinstatement of drug seeking. These data suggest that HDAC5 and NPAS4 in the NAc are critically involved in reward-relevant learning and memory processes and that nuclear HDAC5 limits reinstatement of drug seeking independent of NPAS4.

Publisher URL: http://www.cell.com/neuron/fulltext/S0896-6273(17)30855-3

DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2017.09.015

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