3 years ago

Medium Chain-Length Polyhydroxyalkanoate Copolymer Modified by Bacterial Cellulose for Medical Devices

Medium Chain-Length Polyhydroxyalkanoate Copolymer Modified by Bacterial Cellulose for Medical Devices
Raluca Somoghi, Roxana Trusca, Amalia Stefaniu, Ioana Chiulan, Vlad Tofan, Adriana Nicoleta Frone, Denis Mihaela Panaitescu, Cristian Andi Nicolae, Irina Lupescu
Medium chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoates (mPHAs) are flexible elastomeric biopolymers with valuable properties for biomedical applications like artificial arteries and other medical implants. However, an environmentally friendly and high productivity process together with the tuning of the mechanical and biological properties of mPHAs are mandatory for this purpose. Here, for the first time, a melt processing technique was applied for the preparation of bionanocomposites starting from poly(3-hydroxyoctanoate) (PHO) and bacterial cellulose nanofibers (BC). The incorporation of only 3 wt % BC in PHO improved its thermal stability with 25 °C and reinforced it, increasing the Young’s modulus with 76% and the tensile strength with 44%. The percolation threshold calculated with the aspect ratio of the fibers after melt processing was very low and close to 3 wt %. We showed that this bionanocomposite is able to preserve the ductile behavior during storage, no important aging being noted between 3 h and one month after compression-molding. Moreover, this study is the first to investigate the melt processability of PHO nanocomposite for tube extrusion. In addition, biocompatibility study showed no proinflammatory immune response and better cell adhesion for PHO/BC nanocomposite with 3 wt % BC and demonstrated the high feasibility of this bionanocomposite for in vivo application of tissue-engineered blood vessels.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biomac.7b00855

DOI: 10.1021/acs.biomac.7b00855

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.