3 years ago

Effect of Empagliflozin on Tacrolimus-Induced Pancreas Islet Dysfunction and Renal Injury

C. W. Yang, S. W. Lim, L. Jin, B. H. Chung, K. Luo, J. Jin
An inhibitor of sodium glucose co-transporter type 2 (SGLT-2) is recommended in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) but its use is still undetermined in tacrolimus (TAC)-induced DM. We evaluated the effect of empagliflozin (Em) on TAC-induced pancreatic islet dysfunction and renal injury in an experimental model of TAC-induced DM and in vitro. TAC induced a twofold increase in SGLT-2 expression, while Em decreased SGLT-2 expression and further increased urinary glucose excretion compared to the TAC group. Em reduced hyperglycemia and increased plasma insulin level, pancreatic islet size, and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion compared to the TAC group. In kidney, Em alleviated TAC-induced renal dysfunction and decreased albumin excretion and histological injury compared with the TAC group. Increased oxidative stress and apoptotic cell death by TAC was remarkably decreased with Em in serum and pancreatic and renal tissues. In in vitro study, TAC decreased cell viability and increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in both insulin-secreting beta-cell derived (INS-1) and human kidney-2 (HK-2) cell lines. Addition of Em increased cell viability and decreased ROS production in HK-2 but not in INS-1 cell lines. This suggests that Em is effective in controlling TAC-induced hyperglycemia and has direct protective effect on TAC-induced renal injury.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/ajt.14316

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.