4 years ago

Assessing Antibiotic Permeability of Gram-Negative Bacteria via Nanofluidics

Assessing Antibiotic Permeability of Gram-Negative Bacteria via Nanofluidics
Philip Lee, Christopher M. Rath, SoonGweon Hong, Pramila Tamrakar, Tobias J. Moritz, Luke P. Lee, Thomas Krucker
While antibiotic resistance is increasing rapidly, drug discovery has proven to be extremely difficult. Antibiotic resistance transforms some bacterial infections into deadly medical conditions. A significant challenge in antibiotic discovery is designing potent molecules that enter Gram-negative bacteria and also avoid active efflux mechanisms. Critical analysis in rational drug design has been hindered by the lack of effective analytical tools to analyze the bacterial membrane permeability of small molecules. We design, fabricate, and characterize the nanofluidic device that actively loads more than 200 single bacterial cells in a nanochannel array. We demonstrate a gigaohm seal between the nanochannel walls and the loaded bacteria, restricting small molecule transport to only occur through the bacterial cell envelope. Quantitation of clindamycin translocation through wild-type and efflux-deficient (ΔtolC) Escherichia coli strains via nanofluidic-interfaced liquid chromatography mass spectrometry shows higher levels of translocation for wild-type E. coli than for an efflux-deficient strain. We believe that the assessment of compound permeability in Gram-negative bacteria via the nanofluidic analysis platform will be an impactful tool for compound permeation and efflux studies in bacteria to assist rational antibiotic design.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b02267

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b02267

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.