3 years ago

Solution-Phase Photochemical Nanopatterning Enabled by High-Refractive-Index Beam Pen Arrays

Solution-Phase Photochemical Nanopatterning Enabled by High-Refractive-Index Beam Pen Arrays
Pavlo Gordiichuk, Yuan Liu, Peng-Cheng Chen, Chad A. Mirkin, Jingshan S. Du, Jinghan Zhu, Vinayak P. Dravid, Lin Sun, Zhuang Xie, Brian Meckes, Qing-Yuan Lin
A high-throughput, solution-based, scanning-probe photochemical nanopatterning approach, which does not require the use of probes with subwavelength apertures, is reported. Specifically, pyramid arrays made from high-refractive-index polymeric materials were constructed and studied as patterning tools in a conventional liquid-phase beam pen lithography experiment. Two versions of the arrays were explored with either metal-coated or metal-free tips. Importantly, light can be channeled through both types of tips and the appropriate solution phase (e.g., H2O or CH3OH) and focused on subwavelength regions of a substrate to effect a photoreaction in solution that results in localized patterning of a self-assembled monolayer (SAM)-coated Au thin film substrate. Arrays with as many as 4500 pyramid-shaped probes were used to simultaneously initiate thousands of localized free-radical photoreactions (decomposition of a lithium acylphosphinate photoinitiator in an aqueous solution) that result in oxidative removal of the SAM. The technique is attractive since it allows one to rapidly generate features less than 200 nm in diameter, and the metal-free tips afford more than 10-fold higher intensity than the tips with nanoapertures over a micrometer propagation length. In principle, this mask-free method can be utilized as a versatile tool for performing a wide variety of photochemistries across multiple scales that may be important in high-throughput combinatorial screening applications related to chemistry, biology, and materials science.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b03282

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b03282

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